The current ruling coalition government in Israel has announced that it will dissolve parliament next week. Monday’s announcement means Prime Minister Naftali Bennett’s government is set to fall through the dissolution of parliament. If that happened then it would be the fifth election in three years.
Under what circumstances the Israeli government has decided to dissolve parliament, and what will happen next in the country, according to an analysis by Qatar-based Al Jazeera.

Israel’s current coalition government came to power just over a year ago. The eight-party alliance includes right-wing, moderate, and even a group representing Palestinians living in Israel. However, from the beginning of the formation of the government, the condition of this alliance was shaky.

The alliance was formed in June last year by Prime Minister Naftali Bennett and Foreign Minister Yar Lapid amid two years of political instability in Israel. Benjamin Netanyahu had to step down as prime minister 12 years after the Bennett-Lapid alliance came to power.

The main reason behind the unification of the parties in the coalition government was the opposition to the government of former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. But in the end, anti-Netanyahu sentiment could not keep them under one umbrella.

In recent times, differences between the parties of the alliance have escalated. Rumors have been circulating for weeks that the alliance could break up in such a situation.

The current ruling coalition walks that path
The Bennett-Lapid alliance came to power with a narrow majority in parliament. In addition, there were differences of opinion among the coalition members on some fundamental issues, such as the state, religion, the Palestinian state and the Israeli occupation of the West Bank. The main rift began when some members of parliament left the alliance.

Idit Silman, a member of Bennett’s right-wing Yamina party, left the party in April. As a result, the ruling coalition lost a majority in Israel’s 120-seat parliament. In the last few weeks, there have been several incidents of defections and revolts. As a result, the Bennett government has lost the power to pass laws in parliament. The question of the government’s survival in such a situation had already been raised.

Meanwhile, the United Arab League threatened to pull out of the alliance in protest of Israeli attacks on Palestinians at the Al-Aqsa Mosque premises and Israeli security forces’ operations in the occupied West Bank. Recently, a member of Yamina Party also sat on the bench. He said earlier this month that he would not vote for the ruling coalition in parliament.

The big push on the coalition government came two weeks ago. A bill is being tabled in parliament to extend the term of a law on the rights of Jews settling in the West Bank. However, the bill was not passed. This is an exceptional case in Israel. Because, the law is getting big support in the parliament of the country. It has been repeatedly renewed for over 50 years.

The growing bitterness between the government and the opposition is behind the failure to pass the bill to extend the term of the law this time. Opposition groups called for a boycott of the by-elections in protest of the government’s decision.

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